To test scientist’s reactions to men and women with precisely equal qualifications, the researchers did a randomized double-blind study in which academic scientists were given application materials from a student applying for a lab manager position. The substance of the applications were all identical, but sometimes a male name was attached, and sometimes a female name. Results: female applicants were rated lower than men on the measured scales of competence, hireability, and mentoring (whether the scientist would be willing to mentor this student).
(via Scientists, Your Gender Bias Is Showing | Cosmic Variance | Discover Magazine)
Annnnd this is why I don’t work in academics. It’s not that I think industry is more egalitarian, it’s that I expect them to be douchebags.